Saturday, June 16, 2001.



Berhampur University

M K C G Medical College, Berhampur


Utkal University

S C B Medical College, Cuttack


Sambalpur University

V S S Medical College, Burla, Sambalpur






Cash & Estrogen

Estrogen ,  is it important  ? 

Estrogen is a hormone produced by a woman's ovaries. Estrogen performs many vital functions, among which is protection of bone tissue. As a woman approaches menopause her natural estrogen production begins to   decline. During and after menopause a woman's estrogen level drops significantly. In women whose ovaries must be removed for medical reasons, this decline is even more sudden.

In either case, without estrogen's protective effect, many women experience rapid bone loss, which may lead to osteoporosis.

Bone Loss and Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis is a debilitating and often painful disease that affects millions of women. In fact, one out of two women is at risk of developing osteoporosis during her lifetime. Osteoporosis is characterized by thinning of bone tissue which can facilitate fractures. The disease may not produce any symptoms or warning signs until actual bone fractures occur. Most bone is lost in the first three to six years after menopause. However, women of all ages should know about their risk for osteoporosis and what they can do to help prevent or delay its onset

Estrogen replacement therapy

Women who are entering menopause need to talk to their doctors about estrogen and bone loss. Many physicians recommend that women who undergo menopause or surgical removal of the ovaries be placed on estrogen replacement therapy (ERT). ERT makes up for, or replaces, the estrogen no longer produced by the ovaries. ERT is effective in the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis because the estrogen supplied by ERT continues to protect your bones much like natural estrogen did before menopause or surgery. ERT may also provide protection against heart disease and can minimize some of the symptoms associated with menopause such as hot flashes.

Estrogen, calcium and osteoporosis

Calcium intake, combined with ERT and exercise, is an important factor in preventing osteoporosis after menopause. If you're on ERT, your physician may have explained that it's also important to consume a certain amount of calcium. In fact, taking Calcium with the ERT treatment makes it more effective for your bones. Calcium is important at all stages of your life because it's essential to your general health and the mineral that makes up your bones and keeps them strong. Proper amounts of calcium consumed throughout your lifetime help prevent osteoporosis.The National Osteoporosis Foundation recommends that after menopause women on ERT consume 1,000 mg. of calcium and women not on ERT consume 1,500 mg. of calcium.